Learn about medical stability and why we are concerned about it.
When you contact us to schedule an appointment for yourself or your loved one, our program manager will gather some information that helps determine whether you (or they) need an immediate medical screening and whether the therapy we provide is likely to be effective.
At Eating Disorder Therapy LA, we only provide therapy at the outpatient level of care. This is the lowest of the eating disorder care levels as defined by the American Psychiatric Association. This may not be appropriate for all people with eating disorders.
Eating Disorder Levels of Care
The care levels ranked from highest to lowest are:
Medical hospitalization provides 24-hour care in a medical hospital, typically required for patients who are medically unstable (low heart rate, low blood pressure, or electrolyte imbalances) and need round-the-clock medical monitoring. Care can include intravenous replacement of electrolytes (salts in our blood), tube feeds, and constant monitoring of vital signs.
Residential treatment (RTC) provides 24-hour care for those who are mostly medically stable but require round-the-clock supervision of behaviors and meals to remain stable. Patients attend group therapy and sessions with a psychiatrist, therapist, and dietitian between meals and snacks.
Partial hospitalization (PHP) allows the patient to sleep at home and attend a treatment center during the day. Individuals can attend the program a minimum of five days a week for times usually ranging from six to 11 hours per day. Most meals are taken at the treatment center, but the patient has some meals at home. Patients attend groups and individual sessions as they do in RTC.
Intensive outpatient treatment (IOP) usually includes three hours of programming for three to five days a week. Usually, each visit includes one meal or snack and two hours of group and individual counseling. At this level of care, the patient lives at home and is often able to work or attend school outside of treatment hours.
Outpatient treatment (which we provide) usually consists of individual meetings once or twice a week with a therapist, a dietitian, or both. The patient lives at home and usually attends work or school or participates in other activities.
Criteria for Outpatient Eating Disorder Therapy
Per the guidelines, in order to receive treatment at the outpatient level of care, individuals should:
- Be medically stable as demonstrated by:
- Heart rate greater than 50 during the day
- Blood Pressure greater than 90/50
- Normal blood panel
- Negative orthostatic tachycardia
- Be at a high enough weight
- Be able to manage suicidal thoughts if they have them
- Have fair to good motivation to recover
- Be able to independently manage the meals needed to gain or maintain weight
- Be able to manage compulsive exercise
- Exhibit minimal incidents of purging in an unstructured setting
Why Is Medical Stability Important to Us?
At Eating Disorder Therapy LA, we employ only eating disorder therapists. We have no medical staff to take vitals or run labs. Thus, it is essential that you (or your loved one) be cleared for outpatient therapy by a doctor—preferably one trained in the various complications of eating disorders. This applies to people of all sizes of bodies with eating disorders. If you need a referral to an eating disorder specialist doctor, we are happy to provide one. Alternatively, you can go to your local hospital and request clearance for outpatient eating disorder therapy or outpatient refeeding. If you choose to go to your own physician, we can provide a document that explains what tests should be completed.
If you are—or your loved one is—at a very low weight for your body, have been eating very little, or are purging or exercising a lot, serious medical complications may follow, including dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, and heart failure. And while it might seem innocuous, the process of starting to eat again can be potentially fatal for a seriously malnourished person. The reintroduction of increased intake can cause Refeeding Syndrome, a sudden shift in electrolytes that requires medical monitoring in the hospital.
Medical Screening for an Eating Disorder
Most medical doctors receive almost no medical training in the diagnosis and treatment of complications of eating disorders. Medical screening for an eating disorder should include at a minimum:
- Full physical examination including
- Listening to lungs and heart
- Feeling the abdomen
- Feeling the temperature of the hands and feet
- Measurement of height and weight
- Lying and standing heart rate and blood pressure (orthostatic vitals)
- Oral temperature
- Labs to include comprehensive metabolic panel including electrolytes, renal function tests, liver enzymes, hormones, and nutritional panel
- Potentially an electrocardiogram
If you are asked to see a medical doctor before seeing us, please know that it is for your own safety. Once you receive clearance from a medical doctor, please reach back out and we can get you assigned to one of our therapists.
Begin Psychotherapy for an Eating Disorder in California
Contact us now and we can connect you with one of our therapists as well as other team members.
Frostad S, Bentz M. Anorexia nervosa: Outpatient treatment and medical management. World J Psychiatry. 2022 Apr 19;12(4):558-579. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v12.i4.558. PMID: 35582333; PMCID: PMC9048449.